According to the CDC, when used on their own, spermicide and fertility awareness methods such as “the rhythm method” or “withdrawal” are between 72% and 78% effective in preventing pregnancy. This means that for every 100 women, 18 or more will experience pregnancy when using this method alone.
Male condoms, female condoms, and diaphragms offer between 79% and 82% effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. These methods must be used every time a person has sexual intercourse in order to provide that level of effectiveness. However, when used correctly and in conjunction with a non-reactive spermicide, barrier methods can provide a 98% effectiveness in preventing pregnancy.
Patches, pills, rings, and injectable birth control methods are 91% to 94% effective in preventing pregnancy. But like other methods, they must be used correctly in order to achieve this level of prevention. Injectable birth control must be administered on time. Pills must be taken every day. Rings and patches must be replaced on time, every time. Users are encouraged to avoid smoking and have regular physical exams to monitor their overall health.
Intrauterine devices (IUD), implants, and permanent sterilization provide the most effective ways to prevent pregnancy. An IUD is placed in the uterus in an in-office procedure and can effectively prevent over 99% of pregnancies for three to ten years, depending on the device. Implants are placed under the skin and can likewise achieve an over 99% effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. Both methods are reversible through a simple in-office procedure. Permanent sterilization may be performed on an out-patient basis and is normally done at a local surgery center under anesthesia or sedation.
For more information on these and other methods of birth control, contact the office of Newport Beach OB/GYN Medical Group, Inc. today.
Feel free to email us regarding any scheduling or general questions!